Nose bleed
What to do in the event of a nose bleed.
Sonder Health avatar
Written by Sonder Health
Updated over a week ago

In a medical emergency call an ambulance dial 000 in Australia or 111 in New Zealand.

The DRSABCD Action Plan is the first step when providing first aid. Use this to assess the immediate situation. DRSABCD Danger > Response > Send for help > Airway > Breathing > CPR > Defibrillation.

Many nose bleeds do not have an obvious cause, but some may be because of:
• a blow to the nose
• excessive blowing
• sneezing
• high blood pressure
• changes to altitude.

What to do
1 Ask the patient to breathe through their mouth and not to blow their nose. Encourage the patient to spit out blood rather than swallow it.
2 Help the patient to sit down with their head slightly forward.
3 Pinch the soft part of the patient’s nostrils, just below the bridge of the nose, for at least 10 minutes.
4 Loosen any tight clothing around the patient’s neck.
5 If bleeding persists, seek medical aid.

Placing a cold pack on the patient’s neck and forehead may help the bleed. A cold pack is unlikely to cause any harm.

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All content in Sonder's Help Centre is created and published for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice.

Information originally published by St John Ambulance Australia.

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